Geography Fieldwork

A Level


1. Aims and hypotheses

Geographical enquiry

Geographical enquiry involves:

  • asking a geographical question
  • gathering relevant evidence (quantitative and/or qualitative) to answer the question
  • presenting and analysing the evidence, which may include statistical analysis of numerical data although this is not essential
  • drawing conclusions: creating a geographical argument to interpret the evidence
  • evaluating your methods and conclusions


A statement of what you are trying to find out. In Geography there are broadly two kinds of aims:

Are things different from each other?
e.g. ‘Why does the rate of coastal erosion vary between different parts of Holderness?’

Are things associated with each other?
e.g. ‘Is there a link between deprivation and clone towns in north Suffolk?’


An idea or explanation that can be tested through study and experimentation. A well written hypothesis is clear, directional and measurable.

e.g. ‘There is an inverse relationship between the index of multiple deprivation and the clone town index in north Suffolk.’

Asking geographical questions

Each section of this website includes prompts to think about geographical questions. Here are some examples

High energy coasts

High energy coast.
High energy coast. Cliff erosion on Holderness by Bryan Ledgard / CC BY.
  • What coastal processes are happening here?
  • Is there a link between beach width and cliff height?
  • What is the threshold event for cliff collapse?

Upland glaciation

An upland landscape.
An upland landscape. Cadair Idris from Minffordd by Andy Harbach / CC BY.
  • What volume of ice did this corrie once hold?
  • How much of what you can see is a relict landform and how much is still active?
  • Why is the lake not a perfect circle?


The Hay Wain by John Constable / The National Gallery.
  • How has John Constable represented the place of East Bergholt?
  • Is it an accurate representation?
  • How is this place linked to other places?